Historical Precedents

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Jouishishi 攘夷志士

Jouishishi 攘夷志士 --> 尊王攘夷派 Sonou Joui faction, literally "revere the king, expel the foreigners"

Katsura Kotarou 桂 小太郎

  • Katsura Kotarou 桂 小太郎 --> 桂 小五郎 Katsura Kogorou[1], (adoptive parents' name after age 15)/ 和田 before 15 years/ 木戸 孝允 きど たかよし also 名の孝允は「こういん」 conferred by daimyo 毛利 敬親 / 慶親(もうり たかちか / よしちか)、長州藩の第13代藩主, known to use up to 10 aliases while on the run from the Bakufu

Saigou Tokumori 西郷 特盛

Shinsengumi 真選組

  • shinsengumi estab. 18 aug -->壬生浪士(みぶろうし)(HQ maekawa & yagi house)/ 精忠浪士(せいちゅうろうし)renamed 新選組 after 八月十八日の政変, where they assisted Bakufu to evict the 长州藩(ちょうしゅうはん)led joui faction from the political center of Kyoto

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Matsudaira Katakuriko 松平 片栗虎

Matsudaira Katakuriko 松平 片栗虎 --> Matsudaira Katamori 松平 容保, the last daimyo

Kondou Isao 近藤 勲

Kondou Isao 近藤 勲 (first name means distinguished service/highest merit) --> Kondou Isami 近藤 勇[1](first name means courage/bravery)

Hijikata Toushirou 土方 十四郎

Hijikata Toushirou --> Hijikata Toshizou 土方 歳三[1]

Okita Sougo 沖田 総悟

Okita Sougo 沖田 総悟 --> Okita Souji 沖田 総司[1]

Yamazaki Sagaru 山崎 退

Yamazaki Sagaru 山崎退[1] (means backward) --> Yamazaki Susumu 山崎烝 (pun on susumu 進む meaning forward)

Kiheitai 鬼兵隊

Kiheitai 鬼兵隊 --> 奇兵隊 Kiheitai verify: source?

Kawakami Bansai 河上 万斉

Kijima Matako 来島 また子

Murata Tetsuya 村田 鉄矢

  • Murata Tetsuya 村田 鉄矢 --> 村田 経芳 Murata Tsuneyoshi[1], an army infantry captain, inventor of the Murata rifle 村田銃(むらたじゅう), the first Japanese-production small arms used by the Japanese Army in 1880.

Takasugi Shinsuke 高杉 晋助

Takechi Henpeita 武市 变平太

Kaientai 快援隊

Kaientai 快援隊 --> Kaientai 海援隊 aka "sea rescue team".

Sakamoto Tatsuma 坂本 辰馬

set up the Kaientai 海援隊

Mutsu 陸奥

  • Mutsu 陸奥 --> Mutsu Munemitsu 陸奥 宗光, expert on foreign diplomacy

Oniwabanshuu お庭番衆

  • お庭番衆 Oniwabanshuu - modelled after 御庭番衆 Oniwabanshuu, Tokugawa's spy outfit

Hattori Zenzou 服部 全蔵

  • Hattori Zenzou 服部 全蔵 --> Hattori Hanzou 服部 半蔵, 1 of Tokugawa Clan's 16 most formidable generals, real name Hattori Masahige 服部 正成[1], also known as 石見守 正成 Iwaminomori Masashige, named after an old Japanese province by the name of 石見国 Iwaminokuni. He is actually a user of the spear during combat, and not the tools of the ninja trade. He was so formidable in combat that he earned the nickname 鬼半藏 Oni Hanzou aka Demonic Hanzou.
  • to expand: responsible for uniting the ninja factions, undercover activities, led the Iga ninja army gathered by Tokugawa

Sarutobi Ayame 猿飛 あやめ

  • Sarutobi Ayame 猿飛 あやめ --> Sarutobi Sasuke 猿飛 佐助 (Male) which is a fictitious ninja 忍者 modeled on 上月佐助 Kouzuki Sasuke, from the Iga faction 伊賀流 (allegiance via monetary contracts) vs. Kouka faction 甲賀流 (allegiance to 1 lord), the 2 most famous ninja factions

Other Character Precedents

Goemon ゴエモン

Hashida Kahei

  • Hashida Kahei 橋田 賀兵衛 --> 高田屋 嘉兵衛 Takadaya Kahei, business man in the shipping industry

Otose お登勢

  • Otose お登勢 --> Otose お登勢 / 寺田屋 terada-ya's proprietress/hostess

Oryou おりょう

Sakata Gintoki 坂田 銀時

Tatsumi 辰巳

Yoshida Shouyou 吉田 松陽

Real-life Historical Figures

Oda Nobunaga 織田 信長

Akechi Mitsuhide 明智 光秀

Toyotomi Hideyoshi 豊臣 秀吉

Tokugawa Ieyasu 徳川 家康

Xavier ザビエル

Ketsuno Seimei 結野 晴明

Ketsuno Seimei --> 安倍晴明 abe seimeiverify: chk

Historical Incidents

Amanto Landing

  • Planet Inui Amantos' arrival --> US Commodore Matthew Perry's expedition to Japan, 4 black steamships arrived at Edo (present Tokyo) bay in 1854 (chk date July 1853 ?), ending Japan's almost 200 years of isolation, review [1], U.S. - Japan Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) (Kanagawa now part of Yokohama)

Episode 186 background: Ikeda-ya Incident

The Rokkaku Incident (Episode 186 & Episode 187) is actually modelled on the historical Ikeda-ya Incident 池田屋事件[4], the name of the inn being Ikeda and not Rokkaku. Ikeda-ya 池田屋 is an guesthouse located along the present Sanjou Kobashi 三条小橋 in Kyoto 京都 in the real world, and it still exists today as a pub, with its interior decorated to illustrate its historical past.

Around 1864 May, Meiji 1st Year (8 July 1864 Gregorian Calendar), Yamazaki Susumu and Shimada Kai noticed a merchant acting suspiciously. Upon further investigation, they unearthed a cache of weapons. Shinsengumi arrested him in June, and upon tough interrogation by Hijikata Toshizou, he confessed that Joui rebels were intending to make use of the strong winds and hot sun leading up to the Gion Matsuri to set fire to the palace, create chaos, confine the Meiji emperor Asahiko Shinou, assasinate Tokugawa Yoshinobu and Matsudaira Katamori in a bid to topple the Tokugawa Shogunate.

Shinsengumi asked for reinforcements from feudal lords Aizu han and Kuwana han, but when they did not come, Kondou Isami decided that Shinsengumi would go it alone. Due to sickness and manpower shortage, the crackdown involved Kondou and his 10 men, Hijikata and his 24 men, a total of 34 men (numbers vary from account to account).

Kondou's unit eventually discovered the Joui faction's hideout at Ikeda inn, and the 40 odd Joui rebels and Shinsengumi crossed swords at around midnight. Initially 4 Shinsengumi members charged in, namely Kondou Isami (Commander), Okita Souji (1st Division Captain), Nakakura Shinpachi (2nd Division Captain) and Toudou Heisuke (8th Division Captain), while the rest stood guard at the exits. Halfway through the fighting, Okita stepped down (some speculate it was due to his coughing up blood, symptom that points to tuberculosis). When Hijikata's team arrived, Shinsengumi got the upper hand and many Joui rebels were killed or arrested.

Subsequently Aizu and Kuwana's reiniforcements arrive and finished off the rest. Though some Joui members managed to escaped, the next day Shinsengumi, the Aizu and Kuwana han launched a city-wide crackdown on the Joui rebels and eventually arrested over 20 Joui members.

Shinsengumi's reputation sky-rocketed after this incident, while the Joui faction suffered a major setback. Katsura Kogorou was among those who managed to evade the Shinsengumi crackdown.

The Ikeda-ya was mentioned briefly as the setting in Episode 5 where Shinsengumi are first acquainted with the Yorozuya.

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 Translated from 空知英秋 Sorachi Hideaki, 銀ちゃねる! Gin Channel! (Gintama Official Character Book), 集英社 Shueisha, Jump Comics, page 197~198.
  2. Date translated from Shueisha 集英社, Weekly Shounen Jump No.05•06 Jan 22 2010 週刊少年Jump新年合併05•06 2010年1月22日, Shueisha 集英社, Jump Special Keitai Calendar 2010 (free calendar give-away).
  3. 3.0 3.1 Photographs courtesy of ST's Ms Janice Tay
  4. Summarised, edited, translated from http://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/池田屋事件