Help:Japanese Terminology

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This is a glossary of Japanese romaji terms used in the Gintama 銀魂 Wiki only.


Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

B

Bakufu

幕府

This refers to the ruling Shogunate. Pronunciation is similar to bark-foo.

Boke

ボケ

This refers to the funny man or idiot in a comedic skit, typically with another partner delivering the penetrating riposte in the role of the tsukkomi.

C

Chibi

禿び or チビ

This refers to smaller and/or cuter versions of the manga/anime characters, typically with over-sized heads.

D

Doujou

道場

Refers to a column-free hall used for martial arts or sword-skill training. The English language has assimilated this phrase as dojo.

G

Genjina

源氏名

Professional name adopted by hostesses and geisha.

H

Haiyuu

俳優

Actor (male), though increasingly being used to refer to actresses as well.

Haori

羽織

It is a hip- or thigh-length kimono jacket which adds formality. Haori were originally reserved for men, until fashions changed at the end of the Meiji period. They are now worn by both men and women, though women's kimono jackets tend to be longer.

J

Joyuu

女優

Actress. Cannot be used to refer to male actors.

K

Katana

Single-edged sword used by Japanese swordsmen for combat, usually 60cm in length or more and technically called 大刀 daitou aka Big Sword. The names given to the swords typically follow the family name of the swordsmith or family of swordsmiths who made the particular series of swords. See Wikipedia Link for more details.

Konbini

コンビニ or コンベニ for short, コンビニエンスストア kon-bi-ni-en-su su-to-a in full

Convenience store.

M

Mangaka

漫画家 or マンガ家

This refers to the comics author or artist, manga is the romaji for Japanese comics, ka referring to author/artist.

R

Romaji

羅馬字 or ローマ字

This refers to the romanised spelling of Japanese Kanji or Kana characters used primarily in, though not limited to, the English Lanaguage.

S

Seiyuu

声優

Voice-actor (genderless). See also 俳優 haiyuu, 女優 joyuu.

Seppuku

切腹

This refers to the ritual of self-disembowelment as a form of punishment meted out by superiors to subordinates.

T

Tankoubon

単行本

Refers to a single-volume publication that can be a one-off publication or separate volumes in a series, typically by the same author. For Gintama 銀魂 in particular, each tankoubon published by Jump comics is typically released only after a number of manga chapters have been serialised in the Weekly Shounen Jump (hereafter referred to as WJ). However, tankoubon contents may not be exactly identical to the WJ, as there may be some minor re-draws/re-annotation or touching up of the artwork prior to publication. For more details on this type of literature, refer to Wikipedia Link.

Tsukkomi

ツッコミ

This refers to the straight man's role in a comedic skit, typically with another partner playing the boke role.

Y

Yakuza

やくざ or ヤクザ

Commonly used to refer to the Japanese mafia members or groups, though it can refer to professional gambler or being good-for-nothing. Pronunciation is similar to yark-za.


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